The curry tree (Murraya koenigii), also known as karibevu, karivepallai, karivembu, karivepaku or kadipatta, is a kind of tree. It is found mostly in hot climates, and is a native plant of India.
|Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel|
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- 1 What is curry leave called in English?
- 2 Do curry leaves have another name?
- 3 What is basil called in India?
- 4 What is bay leaf called in India?
What is curry leave called in English?
By Dr Prachi Garg +2 more Curry leaves (Murraya koenigii) or sweet neem leaves are extensively used in India for culinary and medicinal purposes. They are small green leaves with a unique flavour and aroma. They are widely used as a seasoning in South Indian dishes like sambhar, rasam, chutney, etc.
Why is it called curry leaves?
Every thing about CURRY LEAVES | Vahrehvah : – Curry leaves is one of the fantastic aromatic herb used in many of dishes in Indian cuisine. Curry leaves known as Murraya koenigii is a tropical to sub tropical tree in the Rutaceae family which is a native to India. Curry leaves are called by different name in India like kariveppilai (in Tamil), kariveppaku (in Telugu) and karipatta in Hindi,
- The name kariveppilai itself says the kari means curry, veppu means neem and ilai means leaf,
- Hence the literal translation of curry leaves of the Tamil name means ” leaf that is used to make curry “.
- These leaves are almost used or added in almost all dishes to give a nice aroma to the dish.
- The curry leaves tree is a small tree about 4 to 6 m tall with a trunk up to 40cm diameter.
The leaves are pinnate with 11 to 21 leaflets and each leaflet about 2 – 4 cm long and 1 – 2cm broad. These leaves are highly aromatic and have a nice fragrance. The curry leaves are highly valued as seasoning in southern and west coast Indian cooking and Sri Lankan cooking especially in curries and fried dishes.
- They are also used in making of rice, thoran, vada, rasam and kadhi,
- The aromatic leaves add spice to the dishes.
- The leaves of Murraya koenigii are also used as a herb in Ayurvedic medicine.
- Their properties include much value as an anti-diabetic, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, anti-hypercholesterolemic etc.
Curry leaves or karipatta are also known to be good for hair for keeping it healthy and long. They also contain iron. These leaves are extensively used in Southeast Asian cooking, adding a very distinct flavor and aroma to an assortment of dishes. Traditionally, curry leaves are fried in oil in the cooking pan before any other ingredients are added.
- As they are fried, the leaves start to release volatile aromas and flavors which will infuse the dish cooked in the pan.
- The leaves are left in the pan throughout the cooking process, and they can be eaten or set aside during diners.
- The leaves of the curry tree are normally used fresh or even dried.
- The Curry Leaves possess soft surface, but these are generally removed prior to serving.
The curry leaves are also dried, powdered and stored. This can also be used in many dishes to enhance the taste and flavor. The history of curry leaves dates back to the ancient period. The curry leaves are exported to different parts of the world from India.
It is basically used as a spice and is an aromatic deciduous tree which is 5 meters tall and fifteen to forty centimeters in diameter. This tree is mainly cultivated in homesteads, largely on a scale of plantation. Curry powder made after grinding curry leaves, is invented by the British in order to imitate the Indian cooking flavor with little effort.
From the name, one might imagine that curry leaves smell and taste like curry powder. In fact, curry leaves are not related to curry powder at all, although both come from the same root, kari, which in Tamil means a stew of vegetables cooked in a rich sauce.
- While curry leaves can certainly be used in curries and even with curry powder, they can also be used on their own in a variety of soups, stews, chutneys, breakfast dishes like upma, dhokla etc and so forth.
- In some parts of Southeast Asia, curry leaves are chewed, because they are believed to be beneficial to digestion, and especially good for preventing diarrhea,
You can also see curry leaves in some traditional herbal preparations, especially for the skin, as curry leaves are supposed to promote clear, healthy skin. Curry leaves are a good source of vitamin A and they provide a rich source of calcium. They are primarily used in providing a flavor in Indian cooking especially in the south Indian cooking while preparing the sambar or rasam.
- These leaves have several herbal remedial qualities and are mainly derived from an aromatic and deciduous shrub.
- Curry leaves are highly aromatic.
- Curry leaves strengthens stomach functioning.
- In southern part of the country, curry leaves are mainly used in as it provide a fine flavor to the curries, vegetable, pickles, chutneys, soups as well as butter milk preparations.
Curry leaves have been used for centuries almost in all the parts of country. This herb has several medicinal properties. For instance, its leaves and bark can be used as a tonic, stomachic, stimulant and carminative, It can help in reducing blood sugar if these leaves are consumed early in the morning in empty stomach.
Do curry leaves have another name?
Popular names – Murraya koenigii is the Scientific name for the curry leaf tree and is not the same as Helichrysum italicum sometimes called the curry plant. So if you are planning to grow your own curry leaf plant make sure to check the name. Curry leaves are known by different names in various regions of India such as Kadi Patta (Marathi), Karibevu (Kannada), Mitho Limdo (Gujrati), and Karuvepillai (Tamil), among others.
Is basil and curry leaves same?
Basil – So, this one may seem slightly confusing, since basil is typically associated with Italian cuisine, and other Mediterranean dishes, whereas curry leaves are associated with dishes from South India. However, it can be used alongside the zest of a lemon or lime to create the perfect substitute for curry leaves in your recipes.
- The reason for this is because it is similar in appearance and texture, two hurdles that other replacements have struggled to overcome.
- As for the flavor, whilst it may not have the same citrus twang that curry leaves have, it is certainly very fresh like a curry leaf.
- It is also aromatic and has a slight minty taste, reminiscent of the taste you get from anise.
Adding some citrus means you have all the key notes from curry leaf covered, and they can be added to your recipes with ease. Just use the same amount of basil leaves as the recipe species for curry leaves, and add some lime or lemon zest, or even some juice to really make the flavors pop.
Is curry leaf same as bay leaf?
Bay leaves are the Mediterranean version of curry leaves. A bay leaf can bring that sweet citrus taste as well as hints of pepper. Unlike curry leaves, which can be eaten, bay leaves are removed from a dish before it’s served because of their hard consistency, which makes them difficult to eat.
Is curry leaf is a spice?
Curry Leaf Last updated on 10-06-2015, 11:34 HRS Allspice Aniseed Asafoetida Basil Bay Leaf Bishop’s Weed Cambodge Caper Caraway Seed Cardamom (large) Cardamom (small) Cassia Celery Chilli Cinnamon Clove Coriander Cumin Curry Leaf Dill Fennel Fenugreek Garlic Ginger Greater Galanga Horseradish Hyssop Juniper Berry Kokam Lovage Marjoram Mint Mustard Nutmeg & Mace Oregano Parsley Pepper Long Pepper Pomegranate Poppy Seed Rosemary Saffron Sage Select Star Anise Sweet Flag Tamarind Tarragon Tejpat Thyme Turmeric Vanilla Botanical Name Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel Family Rutaceae Commercial Part Leaf The leaves of curry leaf tree is a spice. The tree is an aromatic deciduous one, five meter in height, 15-40 cm in diameter. It is cultivated mainly in homesteads but to a certain extent on a plantation scale.
Can you eat curry leaves?
Curry leaf newbies take note: Some preparations will call for curry leaves to be removed from a dish, but it’s fine when they don’t— the leaves are completely edible.
What is the Indian name for curry?
Types of Curry – If you’re ever in India, Pakistan or Bangladesh, you’ll not come across any native referring to food preparations with sauces as curry. You will hear terms like rasa, rasawaru, saag, makhani, bhaji, rasam, kadhi, sambhar, bharta, jhol, masala, tadka, poshto, etc.
What is basil called in India?
Basil Last updated on 20-11-2015, 12:44 HRS Allspice Aniseed Asafoetida Basil Bay Leaf Bishop’s Weed Cambodge Caper Caraway Seed Cardamom (large) Cardamom (small) Cassia Celery Chilli Cinnamon Clove Coriander Cumin Curry Leaf Dill Fennel Fenugreek Garlic Ginger Greater Galanga Horseradish Hyssop Juniper Berry Kokam Lovage Marjoram Mint Mustard Nutmeg & Mace Oregano Parsley Pepper Long Pepper Pomegranate Poppy Seed Rosemary Saffron Sage Select Star Anise Sweet Flag Tamarind Tarragon Tejpat Thyme Turmeric Vanilla Botanical Name Ocimum basilicum L. Family Lamiaceaee Commercial Part Leaf Basil also known as French Basil or Sweet Basil or Tulsi is an erect glabrous herb, 30-90 cm high is indigenous to India. The leaves of basil have numerous oil glands with aromatic volatile oil.
What spice can replace curry leaves?
Lemon balm – Lemon balm is another cousin in the mint family. Its refreshing aroma is similar to that of curry leaves. It imparts a wonderful citrus flavour to salad, stuffing, soups and is preferred in American cuisine. Two lemon balm leaves can replace three curry leaves. The herb is safe to eat. It relieves anxiety, stress, insomnia and indigestion.
What is bay leaf called in India?
|Indian bay leaf|
|Semi-dried Indian bay leaves|
|Cinnamomum tamala ( Buch.-Ham.) T.Nees & C.H.Eberm.|
Cinnamomum tamala, Indian bay leaf, also known as tejpat, tejapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, is a tree in the family Lauraceae that is native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. It can grow up to 20 m (66 ft) tall.
What is the English name of bay leaf?
Bay leaf, also called laurel leaf, leaf of the sweet bay tree (Laurus nobilis), an evergreen of the family Lauraceae, indigenous to countries bordering the Mediterranean.
Can you eat bay leaves?
– Interestingly, lab studies on the essential oils in bay leaves have found that they may be toxic to some harmful pathogens, including certain strains of bacteria and fungus ( 3, 5 ). However, they’re not toxic to people and very safe to cook with. They have also long been used in folk medicine for their antimicrobial properties and other health benefits ( 2, 5 ).
Technically, they can be eaten. However, their very rigid and leathery leaves don’t soften with cooking, and their edges can even be sharp. Thus, they can present a choking hazard if you swallow them. There are also reports of people getting a bay leaf stuck in their throat or esophagus, as well as reports of a bay leaf causing intestinal perforation ( 6, 7 ).
You can crush them, but they will likely still have a gritty texture. That’s the main reason most recipes suggest using them whole and removing the bay leaves before serving the dish. If you forget and accidentally try to eat a whole or large piece of bay leaf, it might be best to spit it out.
What is benefits of curry leaves?
Benefits of Curry Leaves – Packed with a multitude of nutrients like carbohydrate, fiber, calcium, phosphorous, iron, magnesium, zinc, multivitamins and flavonoids, curry leaves are an arcade of health benefits. It is extensively used in the treatment of anemia, diabetes, indigestion, obesity, kidney problems, hair and skin problems.